Reveillon Tourtière (Acadian Meat Pie)

It’s been years since I’ve made Reveillon Tourtière. So this Christmas I thought I’d brush off the old recipe and give the photos a facelift. This is a traditional meat pie that originated with 17th century French Acadian settlers of Eastern Canada and New England. On Christmas eve, or Reveillon, the family would attend midnight mass together, then return home to open their presents and feast on the fragrant and savory meat pie. I developed this recipe in 2009 for my ex’s family when the bakery that made their tourtières closed. Ten years later, his sister still makes this tourtière every Reveillon for her own family.

The thing that sets the Acadian meat pie apart is the texture and flavor of the filling. Its signature texture is like a fine loose hamburger, not dense like meatloaf. This is achieved by cooking the filling first, then quickly pulsing it a few times in the food processor to get a finer grind on the meat and chop the potatoes into smaller bits. The key to the flavor is Bell’s Seasoning, a classic poultry seasoning blend dating back to 1867, comprised of rosemary, oregano, sage, ginger, marjoram, thyme, and black pepper. I prefer adding the spices and adjusting the seasoning as I’m processing the already cooked meat and potatoes. Some recipes I’ve seen direct you to add the spices when the potatoes and water are added, but I found that cooking them twice dulled the flavor and I ended up having to use more. Besides, as the pie bakes, the meat has plenty of time to meld with the spices.

As meat pies go, this is very easy and forgiving. Whatever pie crust recipe you are comfortable with will work fine, and buying pre-rolled crusts makes this recipe come together even faster. If you make your own, I’m partial to all-butter pie crust. First, I prefer the flavor, and second, butter is something I always have around. I’ve seen many recipes for pie crust that substitute shortening for some of the butter for added flakiness, and I know of one home cook who even adds just a touch of baking powder to give her pie crusts a little more lift. However, I urge you to try the butter crust using the fraisage technique to blend the dough. With a little practice, you should be able to get a flaky crust every time.

Ingredients, for a 9″ pie:

all butter pie crust (for top and bottom):

2-1/2 c. all purpose flour
1 tsp. salt
1/2 lb. (2 sticks) butter, diced
6 Tbsp. ice water, plus more if needed
1 egg for egg wash

for the filling:

3 – 4 oz. salt pork, finely chopped
1/2 – 3/4 lb. ground pork
1/2 – 3/4 lb. ground beef
1 medium onion, grated
1 large potato, peeled and sliced
1 clove of garlic, minced
1/2 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. Bells’ seasoning
1/4 tsp. celery salt
1/4 tsp. ground cloves
1/8 tsp. cinnamon
1/2 c. water

Directions:

  1. First prepare the pie crust. Chill the pieces of butter in the freezer.
  2. If you can, use a food processor to cut the butter and flour together. Sprinkle the butter cubes over the flour mixture and just pulse a few times until it starts to resemble to texture of wet sand, or until there are pieces of butter no bigger than a small pea. Sprinkle the ice water over the mixture and pulse a few times more. If you don’t have a food processor, you can use a pastry cutter or your hands.
  3. To blend the dough by fraisage, turn the dough out onto a floured surface and use the heel of your hand to smear the dough a little at a time against the board, adding more ice water a tablespoon at a time as needed. Work quickly, taking care not to let the heat of your hands melt the butter. If you have a plastic dough scraper you can use it instead of your palm and achieve similar results. Another method is to transfer the mixture to a bowl instead of turning it out on a board. Then use a rubber spatula to blend the dough by smearing it a little at a time against the side of the bowl.
  4. Gather the layers of dough into two discs, wrap each disc and refrigerate at least 30 minutes before rolling.
  5. Meanwhile make the filling. In a large saute pan or wide saucepan, slowly render the salt pork on medium heat. Add the ground pork and ground beef and brown them.
  6. Drain the excess fat. This is an important step because you are also draining the excess salt from the salt pork. It’s good to reserve it for making gravy if you wish.
  7. Add the potatoes, onion, garlic and water. Simmer until the potatoes are soft and most of the liquid has evaporated.
  8. Add spices and mash the potatoes and meat together. Adjusting the seasoning, adding salt if needed. Transfer the filling to a food processor, and pulse a few times to get a finer grind on the meat and chop the potatoes. If you don’t have a food processor, you can just mash all the ingredients together, but the texture will be slightly coarser than a typical tourtière.
  9. Cool the filling at room temperature. Meanwhile, roll out the dough and line the pie pan. If it gets too warm, refrigerate the prepared crusts briefly before filling the pie.
  10. Assemble the pie. The filling can be warm, but should not be so hot that it melts the pie crust. After assembling, brush the top with the egg wash, cut vents in the top, and bake at 375 degrees for 40-50 minutes, or until the crust is golden brown and the middle of the pie is hot. You may need to cover the edges of the pie with foil if they start to brown too fast.

This recipe was originally published in January 2009 and updated December, 2020

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